A description of common weapons in the Westeros and Essos

Edge Weapons
Longsword- A common weapon of knights throughout Westeros, these one-handed blades are also known as broadswords or simply “swords.” The blades are about three feet in length, double-edged, and mounted on a hilt with a heavy pommel and a sizable crossguard.

Bastard Sword- Neither a longsword nor a greatsword, the bastard sword is named for its lack of family. It has a longer blade and a more elongated grip than a longsword. However, the longer hilt is not as large as that of a greatsword and it is meant for the off-hand to provide a bit more leverage. Thus, the bastard sword is more of a hand-and-a-half weapon than a two-handed sword.

Great Sword- The greatsword requires two hands to use. It is the largest type of sword

Smallsword- Slender swords, edged and balanced for the thrust. The Water Dancers of Braavos have made these narrow swords famous, though they can be found throughout the Free Cities.

Arakh- Dothraki warriors favor this long curved sword. It is a type of sword with no guard and a curved blade resembling a scythe or an Egyptian Kopesh

Falchion- A short, heavy, cleaver-like sword used for hacking.

Dirk- A dagger designed for combat with a straight, narrow blade, often used in the off-hand to complement a primary weapon.

Dagger- A long knife used to stab and pierce, often carried as a tool as much as a weapon.

Long Axe- A long-hafted version of the battle-axe. The longaxe is light enough to be wielded by one hand. A longaxe may have a double-bladed axe head or it may have a spike on one side. It is likely that some longaxes are large enough to require two hands

Battle Axe- A wicked, broad-headed axe, used to cleave through armor and shields. It can be wielded in one hand, and some battle-axes are double-bladed

Hand Axe- A warrior’s version of a hatchet, smaller than a battle-axe and balanced to be thrown. These short-hafted axes are used by the ironmen to dance the finger dance.

Woodsman’s Axe- A woodsman’s tool for chopping and splitting wood, this axe can easily turn into a deadly weapon. Normally used by smallfolk and brigands, it is single-bladed and smaller than its martial cousin, the battle-axe.

Blunt Weapons
Mace- A blunt crushing weapon designed to smash armor, a mace consists of a heavy head of stone or metal set upon a wooden or metal shaft. The head is often flanged or knobbed to better penetrate armor.

Maul- A heavy weapon consisting of a heavy stone or metal block attached to a thick wooden shaft. Along with the mallet, it shares the ability to distribute force over a wide area.

Morningstar- A wicked weapon—a mace tipped by a heavy iron ball studded with spikes.

Warhammer- Usually about the same length as a mace (though they can be much longer), the head is made of hardened steel that has a long spike to one side and a small mace-like counterweight on the other. Warhammers are good for piercing armor, or hooking the enemies’ reins or shields.

Club- A short club fashioned of hard wood or sometimes metal. The City Watch of King’s Landing is armed with iron cudgels.

Pole Weapons
Spear- A simple weapon used for hunting and combat, comprising a wooden shaft up to 10 feet long tipped with a relatively small head of iron or steel. It can be used for individual combat.

Pike- A pike is a longer spear, normally 10-15 feet long. This weapon is characteristic of the Northern armies in particular and is used by large bodies of infantry operating together either to push through or over opposing infantry or hold off cavalry

Halberd- The halberd has a heavy, cleaver-like blade at the top of a long shaft. It usually has a spike at the top of the shaft and a thorn or a hook opposite to the blade.

Frog Spear- A weapon used by the Crannogmen, these small spears end in three prongs and are primarily used for hunting frogs and other small prey in the Neck, but they can just as easily be adapted to fight men. Frog spears can also be thrown.

Boar Spear- A short version of the spear, the boar spear features a large blade and has a cross-piece just behind the head to prevent it from penetrating too deeply. Sometimes favoured by infantry officers it is as the name indicates primarily a hunting weapon

Glaive- A glaive is a spear-length shaft topped by an 18 inch blade, often curved, and back ended by a hook for catching armor and shields.

War Lance- A weapon of knights and heavy cavalry, lances are normally 8-10 feet long, made of turned ash, and banded to prevent splitting. The lance is tipped with a sharpened steel point and is normally used for a single charge before becoming too unwieldy in close combat.

Chain Weapons
Whip- A disciplinary device sometimes favored by Dornishmen. One typically consists of a handle between 8 and 12 inches in length, and a lash composed of a braided thong between 3 and 20 feet long. Some whips have an exposed wooden grip, others have an intricately braided leather covered handle.

Flail- A military cousin to the farmer’s tool, a warrior’s flail is a length of chain attached to a rod. At the end of the chain is a heavy metal head, either blunt like a mace or spiked like a morning star

Blackjack- A weighted canvas sack, often filled with junk or detritus. Used for bashing or knocking people out.

Longbow-The longbow is cut from a single piece of wood approximately six feet long, and when drawn back to the chin or ear will have a draw-weight of upwards of 100lb, sufficient to carry a shaft 250 yards or so, even to drive one through plate armour at very close range. Longbows are used by most of the armies

Double-Bow/Recurve Bow- This small bow is double-curved and made from laminated horn, wood, or bone (hence it is also called a “Composite Bow” sometimes). Double-curved bows are mostly favoured in Dorne, but they can be found in many places throughout the world. The Dothraki especially favor them, alongside the Dornishmen. Double-curved bows can be fired from horseback (primarily to lay an arrow storm, rather than pick individuals), and can achieve draw-weights comparable to longbows.

Crowssbow- Crossbows are shorter bows that shoot bolts or quarrels. There is a stock attached to the bow with a mechanical assist to draw the bowstring. Due to its shorter draw, the crossbow requires a higher draw weight to give the same amount of energy as a conventional bow. The drawing mechanism can be a stirrup with a winch or a crank. The Myrish produce ungainly crossbows capable of firing three quarrels at a time.

Materials for Weaponry

Valyrian Steel- An analogue for real world Damascus steel. Dark, and full of nanowires and nanotubes, Valyrian Steel is characterized by distinctive patterns of banding and mottling reminiscent of flowing water. Such blades were reputed to be tough, resistant to shattering and capable of being honed to a sharp, resilient edge. Although extremely rare, thousands of Valyrian steel weapons survived the Doom of Valyria, perhaps two hundred or more being in the Seven Kingdoms. Most Valyrian steel weapons are storied and highly prized, considered priceless by even impoverished houses, a minor lord is far more willing to sell off a daughter than a family weapon.


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